Der wöchentliche Presserückblick der Schweizer Botschaft in der VR China
The Weekly Press Review of the Swiss Embassy in the People's Republic of China
La revue de presse hebdomadaire de l'Ambassade de Suisse en RP de Chine
  01.06-04.06.2004, No. 21  
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Foreign Policy

China-India border talks
2004-06-03 China Daily
In response to news that New Delhi announced on Tuesday that the new National Security Advisor Jyotindra Nath Dixit will be India's new special representative for ongoing talks with China on border issues, Liu Thursday did not give exact dates for discussions between the Dixit and his Chinese counterpart Dai Bingguo. However, External Affairs Minister Natwar Singh said the next meeting of the two special representatives would be held soon. Dixit replaces Brajesh Mishra, who, as the Vajpayee government's security advisor and special representative, has already conducted two rounds of talks with Dai Bingguo. The Sino-Indian boundary question was left over by Britain colonialists. China and India share a 2,000-kilometre border, with disputed areas of about 125,000 square kilometres. The two countries fought a brief war over the border in 1962, which greatly impaired relations.

Japan urged to destroy discarded chemical weapons
2004-06-02 China Daily
Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesman Liu Jianchao said Wednesday that the Chinese government strongly urges the Japanese government to take proper measures to speed up the process of destroying those abandoned Japanese chemical weapon discovered in China. Liu made the remarks in response to a journalist's question on the latest discovery of chemical weapons abandoned by invading Japanese troops during World War II in Qiqihar City of northeast China's Heilongjiang Province. Liu said on May 23 and 24, Qiqihar City reported finding a mustard gas cylinder, which experts confirmed to be chemical weapons left by invading Japanese troops during World War II. ( ) Liu said the Chinese government has requested the Japanese sideto send staffs to China to clear up and seal up those chemical weapons. At the same time, the Chinese side strongly urges the Japanese side to take proper measures to speed up the process of destroying those weapons.

US report on China's military forces "ill-motivated"
2004-06-01 Xinhua News
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman on Tuesday refuted a recent report issued by Pentagon on Beijing's military forces, saying that the report deliberately exaggerated China's military forces and expenditure and had ulterior motives. The Pentagon report was filled with cold war mentality and the hackneyed theme of "China threat", spokesman Liu Jianchao said at the ministry's regular press briefing. As a sovereign state, China has the right to build up national defense in safeguarding national security and territory integrity,the spokesman said. The spokesman said there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is part of China. He said the Chinese government always adheres to the basic principles of "peaceful reunification" and "one country, two systems", and is willing to try its best, with the utmost sincerity, to realize a peaceful reunification. But, Liu said, China will never tolerate "Taiwan independence", neither will China allow anybody to split Taiwan from the motherland with any means.( ) Liu said China urges the United States to take concrete steps to fulfill its commitments of adhering to the "one-China" policy, abiding by the three China-US joint communiques and opposing "Taiwan independence". The spokesman also asked the United States to stop selling advanced weapons to Taiwan under any pretenses and refrain from sending wrong signals to Taiwan.


Domestic Policy

Regional autonomy of minorities to be enhanced
2004-06-01 Xinhua News
China will adhere to the Law on Regional Autonomy for China's Minority Nationalities, and further improve the system of regional national autonomy, said an article in Tuesday's People's Daily. The article, written by Li Dezhu, director of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, was published to mark the 20th anniversary of the endorsement of the law, which was passed on May 31, 1984, at the 2nd Session of the 6th National People's Congress (NPC). According to the law, which was revised in 2001, the system of regional autonomy should be treated as one of China's basic political systems as well as the national people's congress, the multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party of China. The revised law has added some provisions concerning preferential treatment for ethnic minorities in such fields as investment, finance policy and employment. China's system of regional autonomy, based on the respect to diversity of ethnic minorities, reveals the unity between ethnic and regional factors, between politics and economy, between traditional systems and laws and between history and the current situation, said the article. ( ) Besides the support from the central government, China has launched a special policy asking a relatively developed eastern province to provide comprehensive assistance to one minority autonomous region. The article said that the number of ethnic-minority cadres had reached 2.9 million, but its covering percentage in the whole still could not be seasoned with the proportion of the minority population. Training of ethnic-minority cadres should be further strengthened to guarantee the long-term stability and development of ethnic autonomous areas, it said.

Left-behind rural minors ring alarm bell for more social problems in China
2004-06-01 People's Daily
Rural migrant workers in China are helping their hometowns shackle off poverty by mailing back their earnings cent by cent, but their kids left behind in rural areas suffer much more "growing pains" than their peers in urban areas. While about 9 million of minors, most of them in big Chinese cities, are learning how to play pianos and enjoying their happy childhood, millions of China's under aged are beset with such challenges as less care, sense of insecurity, unreliable education and psychological problems. ( ) They left behind problems in education and management of their children. Still worse, the migration has led to a fast growth in divorce cases, and most of them involved children 5-10 years of age. Rural development is one of the top concerns of the Chinese Government. And the problem is quite outstanding with five provinces, namely Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan and Jiangxi, in the central part of the country. ( )

Crackdown on illicit entry-exit agencies pays off
2004-05-31 Xinhua News
Beijing police have so far closed down 29 illegal intermediate organizations engaged in entry and exit businesses, cracked five related cases and detained 13 suspects during a nationwide clean-up campaign, according to the Ministry of Public Security on Monday. Han Yusheng, deputy director of the Exit-Entry Administration Bureau of the ministry, said the campaign, starting from March 25, aims to crack down on illicit intermediate agencies providing services for people who want to go abroad for living, study at their own expenses, obtaining employment, making a tour or offering labor services. ( ) Scheduled to end on June 25, the campaign mainly targets intermediate agencies without official authorization, or without capital, formal offices and institutions, as well as overseas organizations in China involved in illegal entry-exit intermediate services. "Those who deceive the public through boastful ads or who organize illegal labor exports through phony labor or tourism projects will receive the most rigid punishment," Han said. Statistics show that law enforcement departments in east China's Fujian, Jiangsu, Shandong and Liaoning Province have so far shut down over 100 illegal intermediate companies. ( )

Guangdong reports 20 mln migrants
2004-05-30 Xinhua News
The migrant population in south China's Guangdong Province, pioneer of the country's two-decade reform and opening-up, has exceeded 20 million, which tops all other provincial areas. Migrant rural workers flocked to Guangdong in the 1980s and 1990s, becoming an indispensable labor force in many product linesof the Pearl River Delta area, Sunday's Economic Daily reported. According to the statistics released by the provincial government, migrants in Guangdong reached 21.303 million in February this year, accounting for about one third of China's total migrant population. Experts say that every one out of three job-holders in Guangdong are migrant workers from other Chinese areas. ( )

Cao Gangchuan: Great efforts should be made to open a new situation for national defense mobilization and to boost national defense capabilities
2004-05-31 PLA Daily
Cao Gangchuan, member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPC, vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission, state councillor and minister of national defense emphasized at the third plenary session of the National Defense Mobilization Committee of the Shenyang Military Area Command held on May 28 that the army should unify thinking, high-light the key points, forge ahead, work in the down-to-earth manner, strive for bringing about a new situation for national defense mobilization, keep on beefing up China's national defense capabilities and provide powerful support for safeguarding national security and unification of the motherland as well as for the construction of a well-off society in an all-round way. Cao Gangchuan stated that national defense mobilization should be considered as part of the overall strategy of national security and development. Overall planning should be strengthened and scientific guidance should be carried out, so as to better master the trend of development of national defense mobilization. ()

HIV/AIDS treatment centre created in Beijing
2004-06-03 Xinhua News
A special centre for infectious diseases will be established in Beijing to improve China's capacity for treating an increasing number of patients attacked by epidemics such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, according to Thursday's China Daily. ( ) China has greatly strengthened its infectious surveillance and prevention system which was seriously challenged last year by the unexpected SARS crisis. Meanwhile, medical treatment on emerging diseases, such as SARS, and established ones like hepatitis and HIV/AIDS, also require new medications, medical staff and devices. The shortage of qualified doctors and medical devices, and expensive medicines are big obstacles for China to control HIV/AIDS, according to Wang Longde, vice minister of the Ministry of Health. The ministry estimated that there are 840,000 HIV/AIDS cases including 80,000 patients in China. And the number of AIDS patients is increasing rapidly. Most of these HIV/AIDS cases cannot get enough medicines and medical services, experts say. ( )



Chinese middle-class families defined
2004-06-02 Xinhua News
A total of 100 million Chinese families will be included in the middle-class income group in six years, with each family expected to own assets worth of 620,000 yuan (US$74,700). According to the French investment bank's definition on the Chinese mid-class group, well-educated professionals and white-collar employees (brain workers) with per capital annual income of 25,000-30,000 yuan, household annual income of 75,000-100,000 yuan and participating in the decision-making and management of companies are covered in the group. Around 13.5 percent of the total Chinese population is included in the group. In 2002, 50 million Chinese families were qualified for the standard, with per household having annual income of 75,000 yuan and owning 310,000 yuan of assets on average. By 2010, the figures will double, with up to 100 million families qualified for the standard, per household having annual income of 150,000 yuan and owning assets of 620,000 yuan, according to the BNP Paribas Peregrine. With growing population in the middle-class group, the Chinese consumption rate is expected to increase from 58 percent in 2002 to 65 percent by 2010 and to 71 percent by 2020, very close to the rate in developed countries, said Chen Xingdong, chief China economist with BNP

China's GDP growth to top 9% in 1st half: MOC
2004-06-03 Xinhua News
Report on China's Foreign Trade issued by Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation under Ministry of Commerce on June 2 predicts China's economy in the second quarter would basically keep in pace with that in the first one and the GDP growth for the first half of year would top 9 percent, People's Daily reported on Wednesday. In an outlook for China's macro-economy in 2004, the report believes a stable development is achievable through successful macro-control. This means, the report stated, consistency and stability of macro-economic policies has to be secured on one hand and proper adjustments have to be made on policy implementation in a proper way and time.( )

China setzt auf Nuklearenergie
2004-05-31 Xinhua Wang (Übersetzung)
In den Provinzen Zhejiang und Guangdong sollen acht zusätzliche Atomkraftwerke gebaut, oder. neue Generatoren in bereits bestehenden Atomkraftwerken eingebaut werden, laut Bericht der Energiebehörde. ( ) Momentan wird in China 8.700 Megawatt Strom durch Atomstrom produziert. Laut dem Entwicklungsprogramm soll die Kapazität im Jahr 2020 auf 36.000 Megawatt erhöht werden.



Der 11. Panchen Lama zelebriert die tibetische Zeremonie
Der 11. Panchen Lama veranstaltete gestern im Lama-Tempel in Beijing eine buddhistische Zeremonie. Dort nahm er die Huldigung von 30 lebenden Buddhas des tibetischen Buddhismus aus den Provinzen Gansu und Qinghai an. Des Weiteren empfing er eine buddhistische Delegation aus der Mongolei ()


Patrick Dreher
Embassy of Switzerland

The Press review is a random selection of political and social related news gathered from various media and news services located in the PRC, edited or translated by the Embassy of Switzerland in Beijing and distributed among Swiss Government Offices. The Embassy does not accept responsibility for accuracy of quotes or truthfulness of content. Additionally the contents of the selected news mustn't correspond to the opinion of the Embassy.
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