Der wöchentliche Presserückblick der Schweizer Botschaft in der VR China
The Weekly Press Review of the Swiss Embassy in the People's Republic of China
La revue de presse hebdomadaire de l'Ambassade de Suisse en RP de Chine
  28.06-02.07.2004, No. 23  
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Foreign Policy

China opposes Japan's exploration decision in East China Sea
2004-06-30 Xinhua News
China is gravely concerned about Japan's unilateral exploration decision in disputed waters in the East China Sea, said Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Zhang Qiyue here Wednesday. Zhang made the remark when asked to comment on the reported decision of the Japanese government to conduct a unilateral exploration in disputed waters in the East China Sea in a few days. Zhang said China is gravely concerned over the decision and has made solemn representations to the Japanese side through diplomatic channels. China and Japan have disputes on the boundary line of territorial waters in the East China Sea. ( ) She urged Japan not to take any action that may imperil China's interest and complicate the current situation.

EU should recognize China's market economy
2004-06-29 Xinhua News
The European Union (EU) should give full consideration to recognize at an early date China's market economy status, said Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Zhang Qiyue here Tuesday. Zhang said at a regular press conference that the EU should make a right decision on this issue, which will not only benefit China's economic development, but also boost further expansion in Sino-EU cooperation. China adopted the policy of reform and opening-up 25 years ago and entered the World Trade Organization (WTO) three years ago, Zhang said, noting that a socialist market economy has been basically put in place in China. ()

All parties agree progress made in six-party talks, FM spokeswoman
2004-06-29 People's Daily
All concerned parties regard the third round of six-party talks as constructive, with practical progress achieved, said Chinese foreign Ministry spokeswoman Zhang Qiyue Tuesday at a regular press conference. The third round of six-party talks on the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue was held in Beijing from June 23 to 26, involving China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the US the Republic of Korea, Russia and Japan. The DPRK Foreign Ministry released a statement Monday in Pyongyang, noting that the just-closed third round of the six-party talks made "positive progress". () Wang Yi, Chinese delegation head to the talks and Chinese vice foreign minister, told a press conference Saturday that the third round of talks has achieved progress in five aspects. All relevant parties have offered proposals and plans for the solution to the nuclear issue, reached consensus on the first phase of the denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula, agreed to take a step-by-step process of "words for words" and "action for action" in search for a peaceful solution to the nuclear issue, approved the Concept Paper on the Working Group, and agreed in principle to hold the Fourth Round of the Six-Party Talks in Beijing by the end of September 2004, and released the second Chairman's Statement of the talks.

China will never seek hegemony: Premier Wen
2004-06-28 Xinhua News
China will never threaten any one,pursue expansion or seek hegemony, said Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao here Monday. Wen made the remarks when addressing a conference commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. He said that China will always put development on the top of its government's agenda. A successful running of China is in itself a major contribution to peace and development of humanity. ( ) The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence are mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence. Enditem


Domestic Policy

HK's system valued "like a diamond"
2004-06-29 Xinhua News
The central government would not change its policy towards Hong Kong as it treasures the principle of "One Country, Two Systems" like "a diamond", a senior mainland official said yesterday. ( ) Hong Kong is the most important financial and business centre in the Far East and a gateway to the mainland market, he said. He expressed the hope that people would share his views that a "healthy and orderly pace" for the political development in the SAR would benefit its business environment and serve the interests of China and the United States. On the July 1 procession, Yang said the Basic Law has guaranteed the right of Hong Kong people to demonstrate peacefully. He hoped the demonstration would not create more tension in society. When asked if the SAR would become unstable, as up to 300,000 people may turn out in the mass rally as predicted by a recent poll, Yang said: "Wasn't the number higher last year? Hong Kong hasn't become unstable." On the issue of home visit permits, he commented - without referring to individual cases - that everyone would be able to get a permit and it was only a matter of time. ( )

Hotlines to hear human rights complaints established
2004-06-27 Xinhua News
China's Supreme People's Procuratorate has established two hotlines to hear reports of job-related human rights violations, a major target of China's procuratorates from May 2004 to June 2005. Human rights violations by government officials are defined by the procuratorate as dereliction of duty that causes serious life and property losses, illegal detention and search of people, extorting confessions and collecting evidence by violence, sabotaging elections and infringing on civil rights of citizens, and maltreating detainees. ( ) The past months have witnessed a host of government officials punished or convicted for abusing their power to violate human rights, including officials responsible for rampant sales of shoddy milk powder for babies in Fuyang of Anhui Province and officials responsible for the stampede accident in Beijing's suburban Miyun County.

Disease control chief resigns for SARS lab infection
2004-07-01 Xinhua News
Li Liming, director of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, has resigned after a laboratory in the center was confirmed as the source of the country's severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak earlier this year, official sources said Thursday. Four of Li's colleagues were also disciplined due to the SARS virus infection of some staff members earlier this year, and a total of nine people were declared as SARS patients during April and May. Poor management of the virus triggered the SARS outbreak in Beijing and Anhui Province in east China. The SARS recurrence has been determined as a case of major accident due to negligence, sources with the Chinese Ministry of Health said. ( )

Number of CPC members in China exceeds 68 million
2004-07-04 People's Daily
The Communist Party of China (CPC), China's ruling party, had 68.232 million members by the end of 2003, an increase of 1.291 million from the previous year, said sources with the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee. 16.023 million people nationwide filed applications for CPC membership in 2003, up 5.9 percent year-on-year. 2.235 million people were recruited as CPC members the same year, 139,000 more than the previous year. Female CPC members number 12.353 million, accounting for 18.1 percent of the total; minorities are 4.322 million, accounting for 6.3 percent; and 25.7 percent with degree of junior college or above. 15.297 million CPC members aged 35 or below, while 37.587 million aged from 36 to 59. Official statistics show that 1.098 million joined CPC before the foundation of New China in 1949; 9.718 million during the period from 1949 to the breaking out of the so-called Cultural Revolution in 1966; 13.353 million during the Cultural Revolution between 1966 and 1976; 20.73 million from 1976 to 1992; and 23.333 million since 1992. Among the CPC members nationwide, 7.942 million are workers; 20 million government officials, managerial personnel in government-sponsored enterprises and institutions, and technical staff; 22.17 million farmers, herdsmen and fishermen; and the rest are soldiers, students, and retirees. The Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee released the statistics to mark the 83th anniversary of the CPC, which falls on July 1.

China to gradually lift restrictions on foreign banks in the country
2004-06-30 Xinhua News
China will further open its banking industry to the outside and gradually lift restrictions on foreign banks, said an official with the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) here Wednesday. Foreign banks would be given more room for development in customers, business and regions, said Li Wei, vice president of the CBRC at the ongoing First China International Conference of Service Industry in Beijing. And finally, all the restrictions would be lifted, said Li. The Chinese government and the CBRC have strictly followed the country's commitments to the World Trade Organization in the area, said the CBRC official. ( )

Die Kluft zwischen Stadt und Land wächst
2004-06-27 Xinwen Wang
Das durchschnittliche Jahreseinkommen der Bauern in China 2003 betrug 2.622 Yuan Das paritätische Einkommen der Stadtbewohner war dagegen 8.500 Yuan. Das heisst das Dreifache des Einkommens ihrer ländlichen Landsleute. Statistiken der Weltbank belegen, dass die meisten Länder der Welt ein Einkommensverhältnis von Stadt- und der Landbevölkerung von 1,5:1 haben.
China dessen Bevölkerung 1,3 Mrd. Menschen beträgt. 900 Mio. davon sind Bauern. Das Einkommensgefälle ist für die anhaltende Wirtschaftsentwicklung Chinas ein grosses Hindernis geworden

Das zunehmende Problem des Drogenkonsums
2004-06-28 Xinwen Wang
Das Nationale Narcotics Control Commission (NNCC) hat eine Statistik herausgeben, bei dem 2003 zufolge in China insgesamt 1,05 Mio. Drogensüchtige registriert wurden. Das heisst 5% mehr als 2002. Junge Leute, Arbeitslose und nicht sesshafte Bevölkerungsgruppen sind am ehesten von der Sucht betroffen. 72,2% der registrierten Drogensüchtigen sind Jugendliche unter 35 Jahren. 643.000 davon sind heroinabhängig. ( )



Beijing ready to talk with Taipei on 'three links'
2004-07-01 China Daily
Beijing said Wednesday the mainland is ready to start talks on the establishment of the "three links" across the Straits, as long as Taipei agrees not to internationalize these links. "If the Taiwan authorities do have the sincerity... we welcome authorized civil groups or industrial associations from the Taiwanese side at any time to discuss the realization of three links," said Li Weiyi, spokesman for the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council. Li made the remarks at a regular news conference, responding to Taipei's call for pragmatic dialogue to open up trade, transport and postal services across the Straits, shortened as "three links." Despite the mainland's efforts to push for the opening of the services, Taipei has yet to lift its decades-old ban. The mainland affairs council, the island's top government body in charge of cross-Straits policy, said recently the two sides can jump-start talks on putting the "three links" into place if the mainland maintains a pledge made by former vice-premier Qian Qichen. ( ) Li, however, said the move is only based on the condition that the "three links" are taken as domestic affairs within one country. One of the key points of Qian's speeches was the "three links" should be considered cross-Straits affairs and an internal matter among Chinese on both sides of the Straits, said Li. Qian also suggested that future sea and air routes across the Taiwan Straits should be termed as cross-Straits routes and should not be defined as state-to-state ones. "Only on such a precondition can the political meaning of one China be left out during discussions about business and technical matters," Li stressed. He accused Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian of managing to put the establishment of the "three links" into his splittist framework of "one country at each side." Chen has been insisting that foreign ships operate shipping routes across the Taiwan Straits in a bid to internationalize the "three links." At the news briefing, Li also urged Taipei to fully open the island to mainland tourists because mainland residents living and working on the mainland are still excluded from visiting Taiwan. "( )


Patrick Dreher
Embassy of Switzerland

The Press review is a random selection of political and social related news gathered from various media and news services located in the PRC, edited or translated by the Embassy of Switzerland in Beijing and distributed among Swiss Government Offices. The Embassy does not accept responsibility for accuracy of quotes or truthfulness of content. Additionally the contents of the selected news mustn't correspond to the opinion of the Embassy.
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